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prof. dr. M.D. (Marc) Davidson

Faculty of Science
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics
Photographer: UvA-IBED

Visiting address
  • Science Park 904
  • Room number: C4.163
Postal address
  • Postbus 94240
    1090 GE Amsterdam
  • Profile

    I am researcher and lecturer at the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics in 

    environmental ethics (milieu-ethiek)

    environmental philosophy (milieufilosofie)

    environmental economics (milieu-economie)

    I hold an endowed professorship in Philosophy of sustainable development from a humanistic perspective at the  International Centre for Integrated assessment and Sustainable development (ICIS), Maastricht University.


  • Lectures
  • Research

    In 2010, I received a VIDI grant from NWO to establish a new research team  to develop global economic instruments to protect biodiversity and ecosystem services. The research team pursues the following three key objectives:

    • development of an indicator for biodiversity as a leverage point for global economic instruments (PhD-project, ecology);
    • development of economic instruments for protecting global biodiversity (PhD-project, economics);
    • development of moral principles for international allocation of responsibilities (burden-sharing) to protect global biodiversity.

    This project is unique in at least two ways. First, it explicitly investigates the ideal long-term situation at a global level, and second, it takes a truly interdisciplinary approach integrating ecology, economics and moral philosophy.

    VIDI grants are part of the Innovational Research Incentives Schemes of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and are targeted at excellent researchers who want to develop their own innovative line of research and appoint one or more researchers. Applicants must have completed their doctorates and should already spent some years conducting post-doctoral research. The maximum amount of the grant is € 800,000 for a period of five years. 

    For other research at the interface between ethics and environmental economics see my list of publications.

  • CV


    BSc/MSc Physics 1984-1989, University of Amsterdam

    PhD Physics 1990-1994, Van der Waals-Zeemanlaboratorium, University of Amsterdam.

    BA/MA Philosophy 1991-1995, University of Amsterdam

    PhD Philosophy 2009, Faculty of Humanities, University of Amsterdam.

    Work experience

    Senior consultant environmental economics at CE Delft (1994-2003; 2007-2011)

    Lecturer at University of Amsterdam (1996-1997; 2003-present)

    • Environmental Economics (bachelor)
    • Environmental Philosophy
    • Introduction to Ethics (bachelor)
    • Environmental Ethics (master)
    • Bio-ethics (master)

    Senior researcher at Center for Bio-ethics and Health law, University of Utrecht (1999-2001)

    Post-doc researcher at the Research group Ethics of the University of Amsterdam (2003-2006)

    Lecturer at Leiden University (2008)

    • Bachelor project Political philosophy

    Researcher at the  Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics of the University of Amsterdam (2011 -present)

    Endowed professor in Philosophy of sustainable development from a humanistic perspective at the   International Centre for Integrated assessment and Sustainable development(ICIS), Maastricht University (2015-present).

    Research grants

    NWO VIDI-grant (2011 - 2016):  A long-term compass for the protection of global biodiversity, Budget € 800.000.

    NWO grant in programme Ethics, research and governance (2003-2007) :  Testing moral choices in economic analysis models for climate policy to positive law, Budget € 160.542

    Several grants from Dutch government for policy research.


  • Publications


    • Roos Lindgreen, E., van Schendel, M., Jonker, N., Kloek, J., de Graaff, L., & Davidson, M. (2018). Evaluating the environmental impact of debit card payments. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 23(9), 1847-1861. DOI: 10.1007/s11367-017-1408-6 [details]


    • Phan, T-H. D., Brouwer, R., Hoang, L. P., & Davidson, M. D. (2017). A comparative study of transaction costs of payments for forest ecosystem services in Vietnam. Forest Policy and Economics, 80, 141-149. DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2017.03.017 [details]
    • Davidson, M. D. (2017). Equity and the Conservation of Global Ecosystem Services. Sustainability, 9(3), [339]. DOI: 10.3390/su9030339 [details]
    • Phan, T-H. D., Brouwer, R., & Davidson, M. D. (2017). A Global Survey and Review of the Determinants of Transaction Costs of Forestry Carbon Projects. Ecological Economics, 133, 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.11.011 [details]
    • Davidson, M. D. (2017). The ethics of discounting: an introduction. In A. Walsh, S. Hormio, & D. Purves (Eds.), The Ethical Underpinnings of Climate Economics (pp. 22-40). (Routledge Advances in Climate Change Research). London: Routledge. [details]
    • Serna-Chavez, H. M., Swenson, N. G., Weiser, M. D., van Loon, E. E., Bouten, W., Davidson, M. D., & van Bodegom, P. M. (2017). Strong biotic influences on regional patterns of climate regulation services. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 31(5), 787-803. DOI: 10.1002/2017GB005627 [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2015). Climate change and the ethics of discounting. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Climate Change, 6(4), 401-412. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.347 [details]
    • Davidson, M. (2015). Death and the Afterlife: A Review Essay. Ethical Perspectives, 22(4), 547-571. DOI: 10.2143/EP.22.4.3127267 [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2014). Zero discounting can compensate future generations for climate damage. Ecological Economics, 105, 40-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.05.018 [details]
    • Davidson, M. (2014). Rights to ecosystem services. Environmental Values, 23(4), 465-483. DOI: 10.3197/096327114X13947900181239 [details]
    • Phan, D. T. H., Brouwer, R., & Davidson, M. (2014). The economic costs of avoided deforestation in the developing world: A meta-analysis. Journal of Forest Economics, 20(1), 1-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfe.2013.06.004 [details]
    • Serna Chavez, H. M., Schulp, C. J. E., van Bodegom, P. M., Bouten, W., Verburg, P. H., & Davidson, M. D. (2014). A quantitative framework for assessing spatial flows of ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators, 39, 24-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.11.024 [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2013). On the relation between ecosystem services, intrinsic value, existence value and economic valuation. Ecological Economics, 95, 171-177. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.09.002 [details]



    • Davidson, M. D. (2008). Parallels in reactionary argumentation in US congressional debates on the abolition of slavery and the Kyoto Protocol. Climatic Change, 86(1-2), 67-82. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-007-9250-7 [details]
    • Davidson, M. D. (2008). Wrongful harm to future generations: the case of climate change. Environmental Values, 17(4), 471-488. DOI: 10.3197/096327108X368494 [details]


    • Huppes, G., Davidson, M. D., Kuyper, J., van Oers, L., Udo de Haes, H. A., & Warringa, G. (2007). Eco-efficient environmental policy in oil and gas production in The Netherlands. Ecological Economics, 61(1), 43-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.06.011 [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2006). A social discount rate for climate damage to future generations based on regulatory law. Climatic Change, 76(1-2), 55-72. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-005-9018-x


    • Davidson, M. D., Boon, B. H., & van Swigchem, J. (2005). Monetary Valuation of Emissions in Implementing Environmental Policy: The Reduction Cost Approach Based upon Policy Targets. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 9(4), 145-154. DOI: 10.1162/108819805775248016


    • Davidson, M. D., Wals, J., Muller, H-G., & Van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1993). Observation of full ponderomotive shift for the photodetachment threshold in a strong laser field. Physical Review Letters, 71(14), 2192-2195.


    • Davidson, M. D., Broers, B., Muller, H-G., & Van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1992). Excess-photon detachment of negative chlorine ions with 100-fs pulses. Journal of Physics. B, Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 25(14), 3093-3099. DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/25/14/005
    • Davidson, M. D., Schumacher, D. W., Bucksbaum, P. H., & Van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1992). Longer wavelengths requirelower intensity in multiphoton detachment of negative ions. Physical Review Letters, 69(24), 3459-3462.
    • Davidson, M. D., Snoek, L. C., Volten, H., & Dönszelmann, A. (1992). Oscillator strenghts and branching ratios of transitions between low-lying levels in the barium II spectrum. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 255(1-2), 457-458.


    • Davidson, M. D., Muller, H-G., & Van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1991). Experimental observation of excess-photon detachment of negative ions. Physical Review Letters, 67(13), 1712-1715.


    • Davidson, M. D., Buurman, E. P., & Dönszelmann, A. (1990). Measurements on the quantum defect of the 2 S Rydberg series and fine structure of the 2 D Rydberg series in the gallium I spectrum. Zeitschrift für Physik. D, Atoms, Molecules and Clusters, 15(4), 293-296. DOI: 10.1007/BF01437171
    • Davidson, M. D., Volten, H., & Dönszelmann, A. (1990). Lifetimes and oscillator strengthsof the 3s 2 nd 2 D series in neutral aluminium. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 238(1-2), 452-454.
    • Buurman, E. P., Davidson, M. D., Uylings, P. H. M., & Dönszelmann, A. (1990). Fine structure in the 3s3p2 2D perturber of the 3s2nd 2D series in aluminium. Journal of Physics. B, Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 23(16), 2687-2695. DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/23/16/012


    • Davidson, M. D. (2013). Waarom is Groen Links? Krisis, 2013(2), 39-42. [details]
    • Davidson, M. (2013). Boekbespreking: Het paradijs als ecologische meetlat [Bespreking van: L.O. Fresco (2012) Hamburgers in het Paradijs: voedsel in tijden van schaarste en overvloed]. Filosofie & Praktijk, 34(2), 81-88. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2011). Parasieten in de milieugebruiksruimte [Bespreking van: G. van Donselaar (2009) The right to exploit. Parasitism, scarcity, basic income.]. Krisis, 2011(2), 72-74. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2010). Het Kyoto-protocol en de afschaffing van de slavernij: parallellen tussen de debatten in het Amerikaanse Congres. Filosofie & Praktijk, 31(4), 7-21. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2009). Acceptable risk to future generations. In L. Asveld, & S. Roeser (Eds.), The ethics of technological risk (pp. 77-91). (Risk, society and policy series). London: Earthscan. [details]
    • Davidson, M. D. (2009). Parfit en schade voor toekomstige generaties. In P. Rijpkema, G. van Donselaar, B. Verbeek, & H. Wijsbek (Eds.), Als vuur: opstellen voor Govert den Hartogh ter gelegenheid van zijn emeritaat (pp. 23-35). Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers. [details]


    • de Bruyn, S., Davidson, M., & Korteland, M. (2008). Lagere kosten door veilen van rechten. Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 93(4544), 603-605. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2007). Grundlæggende liberale rettigheder og miljøet. In E. Christensen, K. Lieberkind, & C. Ydesen (Eds.), Retten til basisindkomst: en demokratisk frigørelse (pp. 193-199). Göteborg: Nordic Summer University Press.
    • Davidson, M., Boon, B., & Faber, J. (2007). Toedeling van emissierechten aan de luchtvaart. Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 92(4518), 552-554. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D. (2004). Discontovoet voor klimaatschade behoeft politieke keuze. Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 89(4436), 290-293.


    • Davidson, M. D. (2002). Emissiequota helaas buiten discussie. Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 87(4354), 268-273.
    • Davidson, M. D. (2002). Treating future generations as equals with respect to risk and uncertainty. In E. C. Van Ierland, H. P. Weikard, & J. Wesseler (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Risk and Uncertainty in Environmental Economics Wageningen: Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group, Wageningen University.
    • Davidson, M. D. (2002). Zorg voor toekomstige generaties en zingeving. In G. Keijzers, & R. Jeurissen (Eds.), Duurzaam Ondernemen, Toekomstethiek in dialoog (pp. 47-59). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer.


    • Davidson, M. D., & van Soest, J. P. (2001). Het klimaat van de economie. Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 86(4328), d32.


    • Davidson, M. D. (2000). Recht en duurzame ontwikkeling, Omgaan met risico's in scenariostudies naar duurzaamheid. Milieu & Recht, 27(4), 95-99.


    • de Wit, G., Davidson, M. D., & Bleijenberg, A. N. (1998). Prijzen voor het milieu nu volwassen. Economisch-Statistische Berichten, 83(4159), 516.


    • Davidson, M. D. (1995). Liberale grondrechten en milieu, het recht op milieugebruiksruimte als grondslag van een basisinkomen. Milieu: tijdschrift voor milieukunde, 5, 246-249.


    • Davidson, M. D., Muller, H. G., & van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1994). Negative ions in strong laser fields, short wavelength. In O. onb. (Ed.), High field interactions and short wavelength generation (pp. 89). (Technical Digest Series). St. Malo: OSA. [details]
    • Davidson, M. D., van der Hart, H. W., Schumacher, D. W., Bucksbaum, P. H., Muller, H. G., & van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1994). Electron-energy resolved experiments on multiphoton detachment of negative ions. In A. l'Huillier, B. Pireaux, & K. Rzazewski (Eds.), Super-intense Laser Atom Physics (pp. 483). (Nato ASI Series B; No. 316). New York: Plenum Press. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D., Muller, H-G., & Van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1993). Recent progress in multiphoton detachment of negative ions. Comments on Atomic and Molecular Physics, 29, 65.
    • Davidson, M. D., Wals, J., Muller, H. G., & van Linden van den Heuvell, H. B. (1993). Observation of full ponderomotive shift for the photodetachment threshold in a strong laser field. Physical Review Letters, 71(14), 2192-2195. [details]




    • Davidson, M. D., Buurman, E. P., Dönszelmann, A., & Snoek, C. (1990). Renormalization of oscillator strengths in aluminum. In J. E. Hansen (Ed.), Atomic Spectra and Oscillator Strengths for Astrophysics and Fusion Research (pp. 174-175). (Proceedings of the 3rd International Collogium of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences). Amsterdam: North-Holland.


    • Davidson, M. D. (2016). Duurzaam willen ontwikkelen. Maastricht: Maastricht University.


    • Davidson, M. D., & Faber, J. (2012). Market-based instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships: taxonomy and assessment. In R. Asariotis, & H. Benamara (Eds.), Maritime transport and the climate change challenge (pp. 148-164). Abingdon: Earthscan. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D., Bergsma, G. C., & Blom, M. J. (2011). Economische instrumenten voor biodiversiteit: Een uitwerking van TEEB-aanbevelingen ten behoeve van de Taskforce Biodiversiteit en Natuurlijke Hulpbronnen. Delft: CE Delft. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D., De Buck, A., Blom, M. J., & Korteland, M. H. (2010). Evaluatie energiebesparingsbeleid in de industrie: Kosten en effecten in de periode 1995-2008. Delft: CE Delft. [details]
    • Davidson, M. D., & Faber, J. (2010). Impacts of climate policy on air and maritime transport in developing countries. In Promoting poles of clean growth to foster the transition to a more sustainable economy (Vol. 2009/2010, pp. 129-142). (Trade and Environment Review; Vol. 2009/2010). New York: United Nations. DOI: 10.18356/7a82c72c-en [details]


    • Faber, J., Markowska, A., Nelissen, D., Davidson, M., Eyring, V., Cionni, I., ... Schwarz, W. (2009). Technical support for European action to reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from international maritime transport. Delft: CE Delft. [details]
    • Davidson, M. D., & Bergsma, G. C. (2009). Economische instrumenten voor duurzaam geproduceerd hout: Een verkenning. Delft: CE Delft. [details]


    • Kampman, B., Davidson, M. D., & Faber, J. (2008). Emissions trading and fuel efficiency in road transport: An analysis of the benefits of combining instruments. Stockholm: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. [details]
    • de Bruyn, S., Nelissen, D., Korteland, M., Davidson, M., Faber, J., & van de Vreede, G. (2008). Impacts on competitiveness from EU ETS: An analysis of the Dutch industry. Delft: CE Delft. [details]
    • Boon, B., Davidson, M., Faber, J., Nelissen, D., & van de Vreede, G. (2008). The economics of Heathrow expansion. Delft: CE Delft. [details]


    • Davidson, M. D., Korteland, M., Schroten, A., Smokers, R., & de Bruyn, S. (2007). Climate policy costing methodologies: A comparative analysis for the transport sector. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Boon, B., Davidson, M. D., Faber, J., & Van Velzen, A. (2007). Allocation of allowances for aviation in the EU ETS; The impact on the profitability of the aviation sector under high levels of auctioning. a report for WWF UK. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Bunte, F. H. J., Davidson, M. D., & Mulder, M. (2007). Emissiehandel voor glastuinbouw; Effecten van een CO2-vereveningssysteem. Den Haag: LEI.


    • Dings, J. M. W., Davidson, M. D., & Sevenster, M. N. (2003). External And Infrastructure Costs Of Road And Rail Traffic - Analysing European Studies. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Wit, R. C. N., Davidson, M. D., & Dings, J. M. W. (2003). Meeting external costs in the aviation industry. Delft: CE Delft.


    • Davidson, M. D., & Wit, R. C. N. (2002). Aviation and Climate Change : Search for effective global Market-based options that secure interests of developing countries. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Davidson, M. D., Hof, A. F., & Potjer, B. (2002). Update schaduwprijzen.Financiële waardering van milieu-emissies op basis van Nederlandse overheidsdoelen. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Wit, R. C. N., Leurs, B. A., Davidson, M. D., & Fransen, W. (2002). External costs of aviation. Delft: CE Delft.


    • Davidson, M. D. (2001). Culturele barrières voor het langetermijnmilieubeleid. (Publicatiereeks milieustrategie; No. 2001/4). Den Haag: Ministerie van VROM.


    • Wit, R. C. N., Leurs, B. A., Davidson, M. D., & van Swigchem, J. (2000). Onderzoek naar milieuschadelijke subsidies. Delft: CE Delft.


    • Davidson, M. D. (1999). Tijd, duurzaamheid en onthaasting. (Publicatiereeks milieustrategie; No. 1999/18). Den Haag: Ministerie van VROM.
    • Dings, J. M. W., Janse, P. A., Leurs, B. A., & Davidson, M. D. (1999). Efficient prices for transport; Estimating the social costs of vehicle use. Delft: CE Delft.


    • Davidson, M. D., & Kroese, M. J. F. (1998). In debat met de toekomst: een fictieve rechtszaak. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Bleijenberg, A. N., Davidson, M. D., & Wit, R. C. N. (1998). De prijs van milieuvervuiling. Delft: CE Delft.


    • Davidson, M. D. (1997). In debat met de toekomst; normatieve randvoorwaarden voor een duurzame ontwikkeling: acht essays. (Publicatiereeks milieustrategie; No. 1997/8). Den Haag: Ministerie van VROM.


    • Davidson, M. D., van Soest, J. P., de Wit, G., & de Boo, W. (1996). Financiële waardering van de milieuschade door de Nederlandse landbouw; een benadering op basis van de preventiekosten. Delft: CE Delft.
    • Blonk, T. J., Davidson, M. D., & Lafleur, M. C. C. (1996). Feasibility of operationalisation of depletion of Abiotic Resources in LCA via the Key Resources Energy and Land. Amsterdam: IVAM Environmental Research.
    This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library or the Pure staff of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure to edit your publications. Log in to Personal Page Publication Selection tool to manage the visibility of your publications on this list.
  • Ancillary activities
    • No ancillary activities