Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics

Photographer: onbekend

dr. K.F. (Kenneth) Rijsdijk

Assistant Professor
  • Faculty of Science
    IBED
  • Visiting address
    Science Park A
    Science Park 904  Room number: C4.163
  • Postal address:
    Postbus  94240
    1090 GE  Amsterdam
  • K.F.Rijsdijk@uva.nl
    T: 0205258288

Welcome on my institutional website. My name is Kenneth F. Rijsdijk (1968) lecturer/researcher at the Computational Geo-Ecology Group of IBED University of Amsterdam. My research is focused on the dynamics of abiotic processes that shape the earth's surface and affect biota. I am especially interested how environmental processes affect landscapes and ecosystems. These environmental processes may be natural such as climate change or volcanism but also induced by humans such as effects of mining, over-exploitation and deforestation. Central to my studies is contrasting natural dynamics and human induced dynamics.

In 2005 I was part of a team that discovered an exceptionally rich 4000 yrs old fossil mass grave in Maurtius, a volcanic island in the Indian Ocean. This mass grave contained bones of the dodo and more than 20 other extinct vertebrates. This discovery led to new research questions and since this discovery I have become fascinated by the role of environmental change and landscape dynamics in affecting and generating island biota and their ecosystems. 

I am particularly interested in:

1) the role of deep time, dynamics of geodiversity and interaction with island biodiversity and;

2) quantifying the impacts of humans on island ecosystems;

3) seeking ways in realizing sustainable futures for mankind to live in harmony with geo- eco- systems.

After the discovery with the help of Mauritian partners, I set up an international network the Dodo Research Programme that includes scientific, museum, corporation and NGO stakeholders involving  a rich array of disciplines (from history, socio-economy to archaeology, geology, ecology).

 

Affiliations

  • Advisory editor of the Netherlands Journal of GeoSciences (NJG)
  • Board member of the Society for Professionals in Physical Geography(VVFG)
  • Chair person of the charitable society Dodo Alive!  
  • Ambassador for the advancement of beta- science in the Netherlands
  • Member of the International Biogeographical Sociey
  • Member of the Dutch Royal Society of Mining and Geology (KNGMG), Dutch Royal Society of Geography (KNAG) and Quaternary Research Association (QRA)

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In Nederlandsch / in DUTCH

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Welkom op mijn website! Mijn naam is Kenneth Rijsdijk en ik ben werkzaam als docent bij IBED Universiteit van Amsterdam sinds 2006. Ik ben daarnaast onderzoeker bij de Computational Ecology Groep onder leiding van prof Willem Bouten. Ik doe onderzoek aan de rol die de mens en landschap speelt op eilandnatuur. Natuur op eilanden is meestal erg kwetsbaar en zeer bedreigd. Door mijn toevallige ontdekking van een dodomassagraf zijn mijn ogen geopend voor de onbedoelde effecten van de mens op het landschap en natuur. Sinds 2005 doe ik onderzoek naar de dodo en haar ecosysteem. De belangrijkste ontdekking is dat de dodo die we allemaal kennen als dikke sul die met plezier vulkanen induikt, eigenlijk een zeer weerbare vogel was die ongelovelijk goed was aangepast aan de extreme omstandigheden die het moest ondergaan op het eiland Mauritius. Het massagraf dat we hebben ontdekt in 2005 blijkt ontstaan te zijn door een enorme klimaatsramp die 4200 jaar geleden plaatsvond. Ondanks het feit dat duizenden dodos stierven overleefde de soort. Totdat de mens kwam...

We zijn nu bezig met het schrijven van een wetenschappelijk boek over onze ontdekkingen en het dodo skelet. Mijn collega Leon Claessens heeft het enige complete dodo skelet ontdekt dat er bestaat. Dat skelet heeft hij gescand met een 3d scanner. Nu kan eindelijk worden gereconstrueerd hoe de dodo liep, at en leefde. Waarom dat belangrijk is? Omdat deze kennis ons leert waarom het beest wel in staat was een natuurrampen te overleven maar niet in staat was ons te overleven. Als we goed begrijpen waarom dat zo is, kunnen we de eilandnatuur nog beter beschermen. Waarom dat belangrijk is? Omdat je zelf ook natuur bent. De aarde is ook een eiland en helaas moet ik concluderen dat we er niet goed mee omgaan. Alles raakt op, zoetwater, bodems en grondstoffen. En er komen steeds meer mensen die steeds meer willen consumeren. En de vervuiling maakt ons eiland aarde ook steeds kleiner. Dus is het een uitdaging om samen met de natuur en met behulp van de lessen van de dodo onze wereld weer mooier te maken en de natuur een plek en een stem te geven!

Published material

PUBLISHED TECHNICAL PAPERS & BOOK CHAPTERS

Hume, J.P., de Louw, P.G.B., & Rijsdijk, K.F. 2014. Rediscovery of a lost Lagerstätte: a comparative analysis of the historical and recent Mare aux Songes dodo excavations on Mauritius. Historical Biology DOI:10.1080/08912963.2014.945927.

Van der Sluis L., Hollund H., Rijsdijk K.F., Buckley M. 2014 Investigating the taphonomic history and dietary behaviour of extinct giant tortoises form the Mare aux Songes bone deposit on Mauritius. (submitted) Special issue Bone and enamel diagenesis: from the crystal to the environment. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 416, 80-91.

Rijsdijk K.F., Hengl T., Norder S.J., Otto R., Emerson B.C., Ávilia S.P., López H., Van Loon E., Fernández-Palacios J.M. 2014. Quantifying surfaces area changes of volcanic islands driven by Pleistocene sea level cycles: Biogeographic implications for Macaronesian archipelagos, Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Biogeography 41, 1242-1254.

De Boer E.J., Tjallingii R., Vélez M.I., Rijsdijk K.F., Vlug A., Reichart G-J., Prendergast A.L., De Louw P.G.B., Florens F.B.V., Baider C., Hooghiemstra H. 2014. Climate variability in the SW Indian Ocean from an 8000-yr long multi-proxy record in the Mauritian lowlands shows a middle to late Holocene shift from negative IOD-state to ENSO-state. Quaternary Science Reviews 86, 175 - 189.

Rijsdijk K.F., Hengl T., Fernández-Palácios, J.M. and Norder S. 2013. Chapter 6. Modelling sea level driven change of Macaronesian archipelago configurations since 130 kyr BP. In: Biogeographic implications of Climate Change: past, present and future perspectives. A global synthesis from the Atlantic (eds. J.M. Fernández-Palacios et al). Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de La Laguna, LaLaguna, Spain

Hooghiemstra H., Rijsdijk K.F. and de Boer E. 2013. Chapter 3. Insular environmental change: Climate-forced and system-driven. In: Biogeographic implications of Climate Change: past, present and future perspectives. A global synthesis from the Atlantic (eds. J.M. Fernández-Palacios et al). Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de La Laguna, LaLaguna, Spain.

Rijsdijk K.F., Kroon I.C., Meijer T., Passchier S., Van Dijk T.A.G.P., Bunnik F.P.M., and Janse A.C. 2013. Reconstructing Quaternary Rhine-Meuse dynamics in the southern North Sea: architecture, seismo-lithofacies associations and malacological biozonation. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28, 453-466. 

De Boer E.J., Slaikovska M, Hooghiemstra H, Rijsdijk K.F., Vélez M.I.; Prins M., Baider C., Florens F.B.V. 2013. Multi-proxy reconstruction of environmental dynamics and colonization impacts in the Mauritian uplands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 383–384, 42–51.

Meijer, H. J. M., Gill, A., de Louw, P. G. B., Van Den Hoek Ostende, L. W., Hume, J. P., and Rijsdijk, K. F. 2012. Dodo remains from an in situ context from Mare aux Songes, Mauritius. Die Naturwissenschaften , 99, 177-84.

Van der Meer, J.J.M, Thomas G.P.S., Chiverrell R.C., Lee, J.L., Phillips, E., Rijsdijk K.F. and Warren W.P. 2011. Macrostructural Analysis: unravelling polyphase glacitectonic histories. In: Phillips E. Lee J.R. and Evans H.M. (Eds.) Glacitectonics- Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association,MWL Printers, Pontypool. pp. 53-58.

Van der Meer, J.J.M,  Rijsdijk K.F. and Warren W.P. 2011. Polyphase deformation at Ireland. In: Phillips E. Lee J.R. and Evans H.M. (Eds.) Glacitectonics - Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, MWL Printers, Pontypool. pp. 79-100.

Rijsdijk, K.F. , Zinke J., de Louw P.G.B., Hume J.P., van der Plicht H.J., Hooghiemstra H., Meijer H.J.M, Vonhof H.J., Porch N.,Florens F.B.V., Baider C., van Geel B., Brinkkemper J., Vernimmen T., Janoo A. 2011 . Mid-Holocene (4200 yr BP) mass mortalities in Mauritius (Mascarenes): Insular vertebrates resilient to climatic extremes but vulnerable to human impact. The Holocene  21 : 1179 - 1194. 

Passchier S., Laban C., Mesdag, C.S., Rijsdijk K.F. 2010. Transient character of subglacial bed conditions during late Pleistocene glaciations and their effect on ice dynamics in the southern North Sea. Boreas . 39, 633-647.

Rijsdijk K.F., Warren W.P and Van der Meer J.J.M. 2010. The deglacial sequence at Killiney, SE Ireland: terrestrial sedimentation and glaciotectonics. Quaternary Science Reviews . 29, 696-719. 

Rijsdijk K.F. , J. P. Hume, F. Bunnik, V. Florens, C. Baider, B. Shapiro, J. van der Plicht, A. Janoo, O. Griffiths, L. W. van den Hoek Ostende, H. Cremer, T. Vernimmen, P.De Louw, A. Bholah, S. Saumtally, N. Porch, J. Haile, M.Buckley, M. Collins, E. Gittenberger. 2009. Middle-HoloceneConcentration-Lagerstätten on oceanic island Mauritius provides awindow into the ecosystem of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus ). Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 14-24.

Hiemstra J., Rijsdijk K.F., Shakesby R. A., McCarroll D. 2009. Reinterpreting Rotherslade, Gower Peninsula: implications for Last Glacial ice limits and Quaternary stratigraphy of the British Isles. Journal of Quaternary Science 4, 399-410.

Buckley M., Walker A., Ho S.Y.W., Yang Y., Smith C., Ashton P., Thomas Oates J., Cappellini E., Koon H., Penkman K., Elsworth B., Ashford D., Solazzo C., Andrews P., Strahler J., Shapiro B., Ostrom P., Gandhi H., Miller W., Raney B., Zylber M.I., Gilbert M. T. P., Prigodich R.V., Ryan M., Rijsdijk K.F., Janoo A., and Collins M.J.. 2008. Comment on Protein Sequences from Mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex Revealed by Mass Spectrometry. Science 319, 58-59. 

Laurs B.M., Zwaan J.C., Breeding M., Simmons, W.B., Beaton D., Rijsdijk K.F., Befi R., Falster A.U. 2008. Copper-bearing (Paraiba-type) Tourmaline from Mozambique. Gems and Gemology 44, 4 -30. Journal reward for best paper.

Rijsdijk K.F. , Passchier S., Weerts H.T.J., Laban C., van Leeuwen R.T.E., and Ebbing J., 2005. Revised Upper Cainozoic stratigraphy oftheDutch sector ofthe North Seabasin: Integrated lithostratigraphic, seismostratigraphic and allostratigraphic approach. The Netherlands Journal of Geo-Science 84, 129-146.
Passchier S., Rijsdijk K.F., and Laban C. (Guest Editors), 2005. Editorial special issue: Towards an integrated Land Sea stratigraphy of North Western Europe. The Netherlands Journal of Geo-Science 84, 59-60.

Weerts H.J.T., Westerhoff W.E., Cleveringa P., Bierkens, M.F.P., Veldkamp J.G.,and Rijsdijk K.F., 2005 . Quaternary geological mapping of the lowlands of The Netherlands, a 21st. century perspective. Quaternary International 33, 159-178.

Hiemstra J., Rijsdijk K.F., van der Meer J.J.M., and Evans D., 2005 . Reconstructing glacial environments using combined microscale and macroscale analyses of glacial sediments: Traeth y Mwnt and Abermawr, Wales, UK. Boreas 34. 61-74.

McCarroll D. and Rijsdijk K.F. , 2003. Deformation styles as a key for interpreting glacial depositional environments. Journal of Quaternary Sciences 18. 473 - 489.

Hiemstra J. and Rijsdijk K.F., 2003. Observing artificially induced strain: consequences for subglacial deformation . Journal of Quaternary Sciences 18. 373 - 383. McCarroll D., Knight J.,and  Rijsdijk K.F., 2002 (Guest Editors). Editorial special issue: The glaciation of the Irish Sea Basin. Journal of Quaternary Sciences 16. 391 - 392.

Rijsdijk K.F., 2001. Density driven deformation in consolidated glacial diamicts: Examples from Traeth y Mwnt, Cardiganshire, Wales . Sedimentary Research 71. p. 122 - 135.

Rijsdijk K.F. , and McCarroll D. 2001. Glacial sequences at Abermawr. In The Quaternary of west-Wales QRA excursion guide ( eds. Walker M.J.C. and McCarroll D.). QRA, London. pp 32-38.

Rijsdijk K.F. , and McCarroll D. 2001. Glacial sequences at Traeth y Mwnt. In The Quaternary of west-Wales QRA excursion guide ( eds. Walker M.J.C. and McCarroll D.). QRA, London.pp 57-60.

Hindmarsh R.C.A. and Rijsdijk K.F., 2000. Use of a viscous model of till rheology to describegravitational loading instabilities in glacial sediments. InMaltman A. J., Hubbard B.,and Hambrey M. J., eds., Deformation of GlacialMaterials. Geological Society Special Publication 176. 191 - 201.

Rijsdijk K. F., McCarroll D., Owen G., van der Meer J.J.M., and Warren W. P., 1999. Clastic dykes in glacigenic diamicts: Evidence for subglacial hydrofracturing from Killiney Bay, Ireland. Sedimentary Geology 129. 111-126.

 

ORAL PRESENTATIONS & POSTERS
Rijsdijk K.F., Hengl T., Warren B., Thébaud C., Fernández-Palacios J.M., Triantis K.A., FlorensF.B.V., Baider C., Zinke J., Hooghiemstra H.and Schilthuizen M. 2011. Assessing the role of Quaternary (2.6 Ma) sea levelfluctuations and island geometry changes on the biodiversity of the Oceanic Islands. International Biogeography Society Congress , Herakiton, Crete. Poster

Rijsdijk K.F., Zinke J., Warren B., Thebaud C., Strassberg D.,Schilthuizen M.,Hengl T., and De Louw P.G.B. 2011. Deep Time (Myr-kyr) dynamics of volcanic island chains and biodiversity implications in the Southwest (SW) Indian Ocean. International Biogeography Society Congress , Herakliton, Crete. Poster

Rijsdijk K.F., Zinke J., De Louw P.L., Hume J., Meijer H., Vos J., Hooghiemstra H. and De Boer E . 2011. The resilience ofisland vertebratesto natural extremes vs vulnerability to human impact: Evidence form the oceanic island of Mauritius. International Biogeography Society Congress , Herakliton, Crete. Poster

Rijsdijk K.F. 2010. Insular vertebrate mass mortality 4200 yr ago will insular vertebrates cope with future climatic extremes? Netherlands Ecological Research Network NERN Annual Meeting, Wageningen. Oral Presentation.
Rijsdijk K.F. 2010. The geology of the South West Indian Ocean islands and the evolution of the dodo. Geological Society of the Netherlands. Utrecht. Oral Presentation

Rijsdijk K.F. 2009. Deep time dynamics of the geodiversity of SW Indian Ocean islands. Evolution and extinction of the terrestrial biota of the western Indian Ocean archipelagos. Linnean Society. Oral Presentation

Rijsdijk, K.F., Seijmonsbergen A.C., Kamminga T., Koon, A., Assenjee, A., Goolaup, P., 2009. Subannual spatiotemporal patterns of potential erosion hotspots on full island scale (Mauritius, Indian Ocean): Foci for agrodiversity and ecosystembufferregions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11,EGU2009-3275-1, 2009, EGU General Assembly. Vienna, Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., van der Meer J.J.M. and Warren W.P. 2009. Polygenetic, diachronic and glacitectonic diamicton faciesassociations provide a window into the dynamics ofsubglacial till rheology. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 11, EGU2009, 2009, EGU General Assembly. Vienna, Poster.

Rijsdijk K.F.,J. Zinke, H. Vonhof, J.H. van der Plicht 2009 Mid-Holocene natural vertebrate mass mortality induced by climatic extremes?'Evolutionary islands150 years after Darwin' symposium. Naturalis and Darwin Center for Biogeology. Leiden. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., V. Florens, J. Hume 2009. Lessons from the dodo (Raphus cucullatus): Towards spatiotemporal assessment of island ecosystem degradation. 'Evolutionary islands 150 years after Darwin' symposium. Naturalis and Darwin Centre. Poster.

Rijsdijk K.F. 2008. A Mid-Pleistocene vertebrate-Lagerstätte; a snapshot in the ecosystem of the dodo. Dutch Society for Pleistocene Mammals. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F. & Janoo A. (Guest Editors) 2008. Darwin, the dodo and island-biodiversity. Proceedings of the 4th Dodo Research Programme - Treub Society - Naturalis seminar May 2007. Oral presentation.
Rijsdijk K.F., Hooghiemstra H., Hume J., de Louw P., van Loon E. 2008. The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) icon of extinction or rather icon of high resilience? Netherlands Ecological Research Network NERN Annual Meeting. Poster.

Rijsdijk K.F., Kroon, I.C., Meijer T., Passchier S., van Dijk T.A.G.P., Janse A.C., 2008. Fluvial depositional response to long term tectonic and shorter term glacio-eustatic base level changes:the Pleistocene Rhine Meuse fluvial sequence, North Sea. 9th Nederlands Aardwetenschappelijk Congress. Poster.

RijsdijkK.F., Hume, J.P., Vernimmen,T.,Sass Klaassen, U, Poole I. 2008. 4000 yrs old natural graveyard of the dodo( Raphus Cucullatus ): Key topaleoecological response of (extinct) island biota to climatic change and human impact. 9th Nederlands Aardwetenschappelijk Congress. Poster.

RijsdijkKF, Hume J.P., 2008. Assessing the (paleo)biodiversity of the dodo's (Raphus cucullatus)ecosystem and questioning its resilience . Joint Naturalis, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem dynamics and Zoological Museum Amsterdam 5th Dodo Research Programme symposium. Amsterdam, Oral presentation .

Rijsdijk K.F. Reconstructing the world of the dodo. 2008. Interuniversity Centre for Geo-ecological Research, Wageningen . Oral presentation.

Kroon I. and Rijsdijk K.F., 2008.Local fluvial aggradation tracks bulge position on the continental shelf? QRA Annual Discussion Meeting: Quaternary of Britain, Royal Geographical Society, London. Poster.

Rijsdijk K.F., Kroon I.C., Meijer T., Passchier S., Van Dijk T.A.G.P., Bunnik F. and Janse A.C. 2008. Fluvial depositional response to long term tectonic and shorter term base level changes:the Pleistocene Rhine Meuse fluvial sequence, North Sea. QRA Annual Discussion Meeting: Quaternary ofBritain, Royal Geographical Society, London. Poster.

Rijsdijk K.F., Warren W.P and Van der Meer J.J.M. 2008. Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2 terrestrial deglaciation of thesouthern Irish Sea Basin: evidence from Killiney Bay, SE Ireland. QRA Annual Discussion Meeting:Quaternary of Britain, Royal Geographical Society, London. Poster.

Hiemstra J., Rijsdijk K.F., Shakesby R. A., McCarroll D. 2008 Reinterpreting Rotherslade, Gower Peninsula: implications for Last Glacial ice limits and Quaternary stratigraphy of the British Isles. QRA AnnualDiscussion Meeting: Quaternary of Britain, Royal Geographical Society, London. Poster.

Vernimmen T., Poole I., Sass-Klaassen U.,Rijsdijk K.F. and Jayasena R. 2007. Ancient wood remainsfromdodoisland. The Frederik HendrikArchaelogical Project and Dodo Research Programme. International conference on wet organic archaeological materials (ICOM-WOAM) congress. Poster

Rijsdijk K.F., and DRP team. 2007. World Wildlife Fund. The ecosystem of the dodo. (presentation)

RijsdijkK.F., Hume J., and DRP team. 2007. Dodo Concentration-Lagerstatten at Mare aux Songes,Mauritius. Treub Society for tropical research / DodoResearch Programme Seminar, Leiden. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., Hume J., and DRP team. 2007. Geology of a Dodo Concentration-Lagerstatten at Mare aux Songes, Mauritius. Geological Society of Leiden. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F. and DRP team. 2006. Depositional processes and geology ofa Dodo-graveyard in Mauritius. Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F. and DRP team. 2006. Reconstructing the world of the dodo and determining the factors of its demise. Petroleum Geological Circle of the Royal Geological and Mining Society of the Netherlands. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., Bunnik F., Hume J., Saumtally S., and Ng. R, 2006. Reconstruction depositional processes of a dodo-Lagerstätten in Mauritius. Evolutionary Biology Department - University of Oxford / Dodo Research Programme Seminar. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F. and Bunnik F., 2006. Extraordinary Bone concentrations on Mauritius: A natural mass grave of fossil vertebrates including the dodo ( Raphus cucculatus ). Biogeological Circle of the Royal Geological and Mining Society of the Netherlands. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., Kroon I., Passchier S., and Van Dijk T.A.G.P., 2005. Middle-Upper Pleistocene record of Rhine and Meuse fluvial systems in the Dutch Sector of the North Sea. 9th Internationalconference on fluvial sedimentology. Poster.

Kroon I. and Rijsdijk K.F., 2005. Localfluvial aggradation tracks bulgepositionon the continental shelf? 9th International conference on fluvial sedimentology, Utrecht. Oral presentation.

Passchier. S., Kroon I. C., Rijsdijk K.F., Van Dijk T.A.G.P., Geel C., and Pagnier H., 2005. 9th A Pleistocene fluvio-marine sequence: analogue of a braided reservoir. International conference on fluvial sedimentology, Utrecht. Poster.

Laban C., Rijsdijk, K.F. and Passchier S., 2004. Revised integrated land-sea stratigraphy of the Netherlands. TNO-NITG conference on integrated land-sea stratigraphy, Utrecht. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., Owen G., McCarroll D., van der Meer J.J.M., and Warren W.P., 1998. Clastic dykes in consolidated tills: evidence for subglacial hydrofracturing in Killiney Bay, Ireland. International glaciology Society, Kiruna. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., 1997. The Late Devensian deglaciation of south-west Wales: evidence for the degradation of a stagnant ice-sheet. Geological Society of London, London. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., 1996. Reconstrucing Late Devensian glacial depositional environments in South-west Wales:critical testing of competing hypotheses at Rotherslade, Gower peninsula, Wales. International Glaciology Society, Manchester. Oral presentation.

Rijsdijk K.F., 1996. Diagnostic sedimentary criteria for discriminating between in situ glacigenic diamictons and periglacial redistributed diamictons: applications to critical sedimentary s e quences in South Wales. International Geographical Society, Den Haag. Oral presentation

FURTHER PUBLICATIONS, REPORTS AND GEOLOGICAL MAPS
Norder S., Rijsdijk K.F., Seijmonsbergen H., Van Loon E., Rhoogooputh S. and Kamminga T., in press 2012. Fertile soils of Mauritius dissapear in the Ocean. Geografie April 2012. ( In Dutch )

Norder S., Rijsdijk K.F.,Dietz T. and Rhoogooputh S., 2012. Sugarcane and lack of space. Geografie Februari 2012. ( In Dutch )

Rijsdijk K.F. & Janoo A. (Guest Editors) 2008. Darwin, the dodo and island-biodiversity. Proceedings of the 4thDodo Research Programme - TreubSociety- Naturalis seminar May 2007. Nieuwsbrief Maatschappij voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek inde tropen (Treub-Maatschappij) 11: 1-12.

De Louw P. and Rijsdijk K.F. 2008. The Dodo-Polder. Stromingen. Journal of the Dutch Hydrological Society. 13: 5-21. (In Dutch)

Kroon I. and Rijsdijk K.F., 2005. Optimised grain size prediction for sand and gravel extraction in the Dutch offshore. TNO-NITG.

Van Leeuwen R.J.W., Rijsdijk K.F., Weerts H.J.T., Ebbing J.H.J., and Laban C., 2004. Towards an integrated stratigraphy: the Quaternary. TNO-NITG report . ( in Dutch ).

Kok P.T.J., Rijsdijk K.F., Frantsen P., Van Dijk T.A.G.P., De Groot, T., Passchier S., and Laban C., 2003, Maps and formation descriptions of the Quaternary of the Southern part of the North Sea. 1:750.000, TNO-NITG. ( in Dutch ).

Kok P.T.J., Rijsdijk K.F., and Laban C., 2003. Investigation of industrial sand occurences in Southern North Sea. Interim report sixth phase. TNO-NITG.( in Dutch ).

Kok P.T.J., Rijsdijk K.F., and Laban C., 2002. Investigation of industrial sand occurences in Southern North Sea. Investigation of industrial sandoccurences in Southern North Sea. Three Interim reports: third, fourth and fifth phase. TNO-NITG. (in Dutch).

Laban C. and Rijsdijk K.F., 2001, Rhine-Meuse delta's in the North Seabasin. Grondboor and Hamer v. 56, 60-65. Kok P.T.J., Rijsdijk K.F., and Laban C., 2001. Investigation of industrial sand occurences in Southern North Sea. Two Interim reports: first and second phase. TNO-NITG. (in Dutch).

Rijsdijk K.F., 1995. Sedimentological investigationsof a sand wave in Block S2: Investigations for industrial sandoccurrences. Rijkswaterstaat and Rijks Geologische Dienst. (in Dutch).

Rijsdijk K.F.,1993. Sedimentological descriptions of coastal sections beteen Killiney and Bray, County Dublin,Ireland. Irish Geological Survey, Dublin.

Rijsdijk K.F., 1992. Sedimentology of Jurassic regressive coastal sequences at Cap Griz Nez, France. Msc. report. University of Amsterdam.

Rijsdijk K.F., 1991. Quaternay geological mapping of lacustrine deposits in relation to the hydrology of raised bogs in county Offally, Ireland . MSc. report. University of Amsterdam and Geological Survey of Ireland.

GEOLOGICAL MAPS
Rijsdijk K.F., in de Mulder et al., 2004. Integrated land-sea map of Holocene deposits in the Netherlands and the Dutch offshore TNO-NITG.

Rijsdijk K.F., in Kok et al., 2003. Digital geological and applied geological maps and grids (#15) of the Southern part of North Sea. (K, P, Q, S-blocks), 1:500.000. TNO-NITG.

Rijsdijk K.F., in Geo Atlas of the Netherlands , 2002. Integrated maps of theTop Pleistocene Geology of the Netherlands and the Dutch Concession Bloks, CD-ROM.1:1.000.000. TNO-NITG.

Rijsdijk K.F., in Kok et al., 2001 Digital geological and applied geological maps and grids (#21) of the Southern part of North Sea: Investigations for an airport in de the North Sea (P, Q, S-blocks), 1:500.000.TNO-NITG.

KokP.T.J., and Rijsdijk K.F., 2000. Maps of offshore occurrences of Kreftenheye Formation. Investigations for industrial sand and gravel occurrences. TNO-NITG. (in Dutch).

Kok P.T.J., Rijsdijk K.F., andFrantsen P., 2000. Sea bed sediment maps of the Dutch coastal zone. Investigations for an airport in de the North Sea. 1:500.000, TNO-NITG. (in Dutch).

Rijsdijk K.F., 2000. Geological and applied geological maps ofIndus Bank offshore area 1:100.000, TNO-NITG.

De GansW., Laban C., and Rijsdijk K.F., 1993. General 1:1.000.000 mapdepth to top Pleistocene depositsin the Netherlands andin theNetherlands sectorof the North Sea.RGD Geological Survey ofthe Netherlands.

Laban C. and Rijsdijk K.F., 1993. General 1:1.000.000 map depthtotop Pleistocene deposits in the Netherlands and in the Netherlands sector of the North Sea. RGD Geological Survey of the Netherlands.

BOOK REVIEWS
Ehlers J. and Gibbard P.L., 2005. Quaternary glaciations - Extent and Chronology. Part I, II and III.. 1295 pp. Journal of Quaternary Research

Berendsen H.J.A. and Stouthamer E., 2001. Paleogeography of the Rhine-Meuse delta, The Netherlands. Koninklijke van Gorkum, Assen. 268 pp. Quaternary Science Reviews.
Benn D.L. and Evans D.J.A., 1997. Glaciers and Glaciations. 876 pp. Swansea Geographer.

DISCOVERY OF A DODO MASS GRAVE

The dodo , an icon of human induced extinction, is also one of the most famous examples of island evolution leading to giantism. Being described firstly by Dutch sailors that landed on Mauritius in 1598 it was seen lastly alive around 1670. Then it disappeared. It was the first species of which modern humans realised that it had become extinct due to human interference ( Strickland and Melville 1848). The discovery of a dodo-massgrave in Mauritius in 1864 by a railway engineer Higgingson and a local expert on natural history Clark arouse a lot of renewed interest in the mysteriously vanished species. Since the discovery the site was excavated for nearly a century, then around the 1940s rocks were dumped on the site and its precise location became forgotten.

In 2005 we discovered at a marsh atthe MareauxSonges aseveral-thousands-year-old fossil layer containing fauna,flora and microfossils, including bonesof the dodo (Raphus cucullatus), representing the remainsof a nearly complete fossil natural ecosystem. It took us a while to realize that we in fact had re-discovered the famous dodo bone site that Clark and Higginson had discovered in 1864. Considering the high sub-fossil concentration and richness in composition including vertebrate bones, invertebrate remains (insects, snails) and flora remains (seeds, tree stems, branches, rootlets, leaves) the up to 0.5 m thick sub-fossil layer, extending for 0.3 km 2 , can be considered a Concentration-Lagerstätten. It contains 50% of the known (extinct) vertebrate species and several dozens of natural and threatened or nearly extinct arboreal species. The dodo-Lagerstätten is situated within sediments that are rich in microfossils providing contextual data and hence provides a high-resolution snapshot insight in a pristine ecosystem, active several thousands year ago.

 

Picture showing our base camp in 2009 with Perry de Louw waving, John de Vos working and Julian Hume

Dodo Research Programme

After the discovery of the dodo massgrave in Mauritius, comprising substantial parts of a fossil ecosystem of the dodo, in 2005 the Dodo Research Programme was established. In collaboration with Mauritian partners Omnicane, Mauritius Museums Council and Dutch partners Naturalis, IBED-UVA and TNO an international network of researchers was founded: the Dodo Research Programme (DRP) which aims to reconstruct the prehuman ecosystem and investigate the reasons of its degradation. Currently the DRP network comprises more than 50 researchers and more than 15 research institutes. The Dodo Research Programme is an internationalresearch initiative that aims to utilise the iconic status of the dodo ( Raphus Cucullatus ), to generate research and public awareness on the vulnerability of island biodiversity. The DRP is an initiative of the Mauritian Museums Council, Naturalis, IBED-UvA and Geological survey of the Netherlands and comprises more than 15 research institutes worldwide.

The DRP has three main aims:

1.      Research: to reconstruct the world of the dodo and determine the factors of its demise,

2.     Raise public awareness on the importance and vulnerability of island biodiversity,

3.     Contribute towards the realisation of a Dodo Museum and UNESCO World Heritage Park including the dodo massgrave.

 

Painting Mare aux Songes 4300 yr BP acryl painty by Dr Julian P Hume painted in 2006 inspired by our findings during the excavations (c) Hume)

Dodo Research

Because of the richness of the massgrave many scientific disciplines are involved to resolve the research questions. We hopeby understanding the ecosystem of Mauritius to contributetowards conservation and protection of threatened biota against extinction in island settings elsewhere. Our main research questions include:

  • How did the dodo massgrave (Concentration-Lagerstätten) form?
  • What conditions led to preservation of the subfossils (bones, wood, snails, insects), bone collagen and aDNA?
  • How did the ecosystem respond to human impact?
  • How will the remaining ecosystem respond to future scenarios of climate change and human impact?

The dodo-Lagerstätten and identification of natural archives elsewhere, in Mauritius provide unique conditions to reconstruct the prehuman ecosystem that may serve as a baseline for ecological restoration projects. Moreover, the late date of human colonisation of the island in 1638, and the Mauritian historical and archaeological archives, which contain a wealth of data on human activities since colonization, allow for quantitative assessment of human impact in a pristine natural volcanic island ecosystem. It provides a great opportunity for fundamental research on human impact on island ecosystem development, biodiversity changes and the extinction of species.

 

Public Awareness Biodiversity

The general public is still unfamilar withthe vulnerability and uniqueness of island ecosystems. The DRP aims to raise public awareness by connecting the dodo with threatened island biodiversity. This is realised by museumexhibits, organisation of seminars and partaking in various initiatives involving the general public. So far two exhibits on the dodo have been realised one in Naturalis (Leiden) in cooperation with MTMDand one, realised by the Tropeninstituut, Amsterdam (coordinated by Marijke Besselink), and the Mauritius Museums Council in the NationalHistory Museum ofMauritius inPort Louis, the capital of Mauritius.

Dodo graveyard part of UNESCO World Heritage Park?

The dodo massgrave is unique in its kind. It belongs to one of the most bone rich natural graves in the world, it is so far the youngest of its kind (max. 4000 years old) and it is the only one found on a volcanic island so far. Being unique in the world it merits therefore a World Heritage status. As a UNESCO region it could be combined with other culturally important heritage sites within the Mahebourg region (SE Mauritius), including; Fort Frederik Hendrik (the location of first human settlement of Mauritius), Isles aux Aigrettes (where the original ecosystem is being restored by Mauritian Wildlife), and also it is the bay where Napoleon Bonaparte's fleet was defeated in 1810 and therefore includes a rich and unique marine archaeology.

Discovery in the World Press

The 2005 discovery of the dodo mass grave was world news, the news was heralded just before Xmas 2005.

Holden C. 2006. World of the Dodo. Science 311: 155.
Nicolls H. 2006. Digging for dodo. Nature 443, 138-140.
Parker I. 2006. Letter fromMauritius: digging for dodos-hunting an extinct bird. New Yorker Magazine .
Roth S. 2006. Graveyard of the dodos. National Geographic Magazine , August.
Kleeman E. 2006. No# 85. Paleontology. Dodos lostworld resurrected. Special issue Top 100science stories of 2006. Discover Magazine .
Zimmer C. 2006. Newfound Island graveyard may yield clues to dodo life longago. New York Times .
The best drawing of dodos I know! Drawing by Dr Julian P Hume (copyright owned by Hume)

The best drawing of dodos I know! by Dr Julian P Hume (c) .

Teaching Courses Involved

I am certified lecturer in University Teaching and Higher Education (BKO see url below).
Since 2008 I am part of the examiners board of the Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies (IIS).

I am coordinator/ Sr lecturer for:
1st yr Msc Earth Sciences Research Workshop (3 ECTS) (2012-present)
3rd yr Bsc Earth Sciences Bsc Thesis (30 ECTS) (2011 - present)
1st yr Bsc Future Planet Studies Natural Disasters and Future Threats (6 ECTS) (2011 - present)

I am lecturer in:
1st yr Msc Earth Science Vulnerability Assessment of Geo-ecosystems - Master School of Life and Earthsciences (12 ECTS) (2012 - present)
1st yr Bsc Biology Organisms in the environment (6ECTS) (2011 - present)
3rd yr Bsc Future Planet Studies Interdisciplinary Project: Sustainability (6 ECTS) (2011 - present)
3rd yr Bsc Beta Gamma Theme 3 part 2: Practice - Interdiciplinary Research Practical: Sustainability (4 ECTS) (2012 - present)
2nd yr Bsc Beta Gamma Theme 3 part 1: Theory - Interdisciplinary Research Practical: Sustainability (2 ECTS) (2011 - present)
1st yr Bsc Beta Gamma Theme 1: Humans in action : Sustainability (6 ECTS) (2011 - present)

I was principal lecturer in:

1st yr Bsc Earth Science Introduction in Physical Geography (3 ECTS) (2010)
1st yr Bsc Earth Science Geology Module (3 ECTZ) (2006-2010)
2nd yr Bsc Earth Sciences Geomorphological Processes (6/3 ECTS) (2006-2011)
2nd yr Bsc Earth Science Field practical Luxemburg: Geomorphology (12 ECTS) (2009-2013)
2nd yr Bsc Earth Sciences Geological Excursion Luxemburg (2 ECTS) (2006-present)I co-developed the curriculum for the first yr Bsc study Future Planet Studies (2006, 2007)

2017

  • Hansen, D. M., Austin, J. J., Baxter, R. H., de Boer, E. J., Falcón, W., Norder, S. J., ... Warren, B. H. (2017). Origins of endemic island tortoises in the western Indian Ocean: A critique of the human-translocation hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography, 44(6), 1430-1435. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12893  [details] 
  • Simaiakis, S. M., Rijsdijk, K. F., Koene, E. F. M., Norder, S. J., Van Boxel, J. H., Stocchi, P., ... Tjørve, E. (2017). Geographic changes in the Aegean Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum: Postulating biogeographic effects of sea-level rise on islands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 471, 108-119. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.02.002  [details] 
  • Gosling, W. D., de Kruif, J., Norder, S., de Boer, E., Hooghiemstra, H., Rijsdijk, K. F., & McMichael, C. N. H. (2017). Mauritius on fire: Tracking historical human impacts on biodiversity loss. Biotropica. DOI: 10.1111/btp.12490 
  • Norder, S. J., Seijmonsbergen, A. C., Rughooputh, S. D. D. V., van Loon, E. E., Tatayah, V., Kamminga, A. T., & Rijsdijk, K. F. (2017). Assessing temporal couplings in social–ecological island systems: historical deforestation and soil loss on Mauritius (Indian Ocean). Ecology and Society, 22(1).

2016

  • Norder, S. J., & Rijsdijk, K. F. (2016). Interdisciplinary island studies: Connecting the social sciences, natural sciences and humanities. Island Studies Journal, 11(2), 673-686. [details] 
  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Hume, J. P., de Louw, P. G. B., Meijer, H. J. M., Janoo, A., de Boer, E. J., ... Claessens, L. P. A. M. (2016). A Review of the Dodo and its Ecosystem: Interdisciplinary Research of a Vertebrate Concentration-Lagerstätte in Mauritius. Journal of vertebrate paleontology, 35(suppl. 1), 3-20. DOI: 10.1080/02724634.2015.1113803  [details] 
  • Fernández-Palacios, J. M., Rijsdijk, K. F., Norder, S. J., Otto, R., de Nascimento, L., Fernández‐Lugo, S., ... Whittaker, R. J. (2016). Towards a glacial‐sensitive model of island biogeography. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25(7), 817-830. DOI: 10.1111/geb.12320  [details] 

2015

  • de Boer, E. J., Vélez, M. I., Rijsdijk, K. F., de Louw, P. G. B., Vernimmen, T. J. J., Visser, P. M., ... Hooghiemstra, H. (2015). A deadly cocktail: How a drought around 4200 cal. yr BP caused mass mortality events at the infamous ‘dodo swamp’in Mauritius. Holocene, 25(5), 758-771. DOI: 10.1177/0959683614567886  [details] 
  • Hume, J. P., de Louw, P. G. B., & Rijsdijk, K. F. (2015). Rediscovery of a lost Lagerstätte: a comparative analysis of the historical and recent Mare aux Songes dodo excavations on Mauritius. Historical Biology, 27(8), 1127-1140. DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2014.945927  [details] 
  • Warren, B. H., Simberloff, D., Ricklefs, R. E., Aguilée, R., Condamine, F. L., Gravel, D., ... Thébaud, C. (2015). Islands as model systems in ecology and evolution: prospects fifty years after MacArthur-Wilson. Ecology Letters, 18(2), 200-217. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12398  [details] 

2014

  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Hengl, T., Norder, S. J., Otto, R., Emerson, B. C., Ávila, M. A., ... Fernández-Palacios, J. M. (2014). Quantifying surface-area changes of volcanic islands driven by Pleistocene sea-level cycles: biogeographical implications for the Macaronesian archipelagos. Journal of Biogeography, 41(7), 1242-1254. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12336  [details] 
  • de Boer, E. J., Tjallingii, R., Vélez, M. I., Rijsdijk, K. F., Vlug, A., Reichart, G. J., ... Hooghiemstra, H. (2014). Climate variability in the SW Indian Ocean from an 8000-yr long multi-proxy record in the Mauritian lowlands shows a middle to late Holocene shift from negative IOD-state to ENSO-state. Quaternary Science Reviews, 86, 175-189. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.12.026  [details] 
  • van der Sluis, L. G., Hollund, H. I., Buckley, M., de Louw, P. G. B., Rijsdijk, K. F., & Kars, H. (2014). Combining histology, stable isotope analysis and ZooMS collagen fingerprinting to investigate the taphonomic history and dietary behaviour of extinct giant tortoises from the Mare aux Songes deposit on Mauritius. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 416, 80-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.06.003  [details] 

2013

  • Hooghiemstra, H., Rijsdijk, K. F., de Boer, E., de Nascimento, L., Florens, F. B. V., & Baider, C. (2013). Insular environmental change; climate-forced and system-driven. In J. M. Fernández-Palacios, L. de Nascimento, J. C. Hernández, S. Clemente, A. González, & J. P. Díaz-González (Eds.), Climate change perspectives from the Atlantic: past, present and future (pp. 51-73). San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Tenerife: Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de La Laguna. [details] 
  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Kroon, I. C., Meijer, T., Passchier, S., van Dijk, T. A. G. P., Bunnik, F. P. M., & Janse, A. C. (2013). Reconstructing Quaternary Rhine-Meuse dynamics in the southern North Sea: architecture, seismo-lithofacies associations and malacological biozonation. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28(5), 453-466. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2627  [details] 
  • de Boer, E. J., Slaikovska, M., Hooghiemstra, H., Rijsdijk, K. F., Vélez, M. I., Prins, M., ... Florens, F. B. V. (2013). Multi-Proxy reconstruction of environmental dynamics and colonization impacts in the Mauritian uplands. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 383-384, 42-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.04.025  [details] 

2012

  • Meijer, H. J. M., Gill, A., de Louw, P. G. B., van den Hoek Ostende, L. W., Hume, J. P., & Rijsdijk, K. F. (2012). Dodo remains from an in situ context from Mare aux Songes, Mauritius. Naturwissenschaften, 99(3), 177-184. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-012-0882-8  [details] 

2011

  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Zinke, J., de Louw, P. G. B., Hume, J. P., van der Plicht, J., Hooghiemstra, H., ... Janoo, A. (2011). Mid-Holocene (4200 yr BP) mass mortalities in Mauritius (Mascarenes): insular vertebrates resilient to climatic extremes but vulnerable to human impact. Holocene, 21, 1179-1194. DOI: 10.1177/0959683611405236  [details] 

2010

  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Warren, W. P., & van der Meer, J. J. M. (2010). The glacial sequence at Killiney, SE Ireland: terrestrial deglaciation and polyphase glacitectonic deformation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29(5-6), 696-719. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.11.011  [details] 
  • Passchier, S., Laban, C., Mesdag, C. S., & Rijsdijk, K. F. (2010). Subglacial bed conditions during Late Pleistocene glaciations and their impact on ice dynamics in the southern North Sea. Boreas, 39(3), 633-647. DOI: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2009.00138.x  [details] 

2009

  • Hiemstra, J. F., Rijsdijk, K. F., Shakesby, R. A., & McCaroll, D. (2009). Reinterpreting Rotherslade, Gower Peninsula: Implications for Last Glacial ice limits and Quaternary stratigraphy of the British Isles. Journal of Quaternary Science, 24(4), 399-410. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1238  [details] 
  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Hume, J. P., Bunnik, F., Florens, F. B. V., Baider, C., Shapiro, B., ... Gittenberger, E. (2009). Mid-Holocene vertebrate bone Concentration-Lagerstätte on oceanic island Mauritius provides a window into the ecosystem of the dodo (Raphus cucullatus). Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(1-2), 14-24. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.09.018  [details] 

2016

  • Claessens, L. P. A. M., Meijer, H. J. M., Hume, J. P., & Rijsdijk, K. F. (2016). Anatomy of the Dodo (Raphus cucullatus L., 1758): An Osteological Study of the Thirioux Specimens. (Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology; No. 35, suppl. 1). Norman, OK: Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir 15. [details] 

2014

  • Rijsdijk, K. F., Hengl, T., Norder, S. J., Ávila, S. P., & Fernández-Palácios, J. M. (2014). Modelling sea level driven change of Macaronesian archipelago configurations since 120 kyr BP. In J. M. Fernández-Palacios, L. De Nascimento, J. C. Hernández, S. Clemente, A. González, & J. P. Díaz-González (Eds.), Biogeographic implications of Climate Change: past, present and future perspectives (pp. 127-148). LaLaguna, Tenerife: Servicio de Publicaciones, Universidad de La Laguna. [details] 

2012

  • Norder, S., Rijsdijk, K., Dietz, T., & Rughooputh, S. (2012). Mauritius: ruimtegebrek en suikerriet. Geografie, 21(2), 25-27. [details] 
This list of publications is extracted from the UvA-Current Research Information System. Questions? Ask the library  or the Pure staff  of your faculty / institute. Log in to Pure  to edit your publications.
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